Fouling

The most significant factor impacting heat exchange efficiency is fouling. Concentrated fluid undergoing evaporation can precipitate salts or deposit various substances on heat exchange surfaces.

Key factors influencing fouling include:

  • Composition of the solution being treated
  • Type of fluid flow (turbulent or laminar)
  • Geometry of the heat exchange surface

Attention to these factors is crucial, as high fouling reduces the efficiency of the evaporation-concentration process.

Methods for minimizing fouling in vacuum evaporators include:

  • Diligent effluent management: Excessive concentration can lead to deposits regardless of the type of exchanger used.
  • Proper cleaning frequency: Periodic cleaning cycles are necessary to prevent fouling buildup over time.
  • Selection of appropriate chemical agents: Specific chemical products (acidic or alkaline solutions, detergents, etc.) are required to effectively dissolve and remove different types of fouling deposits.

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